VON PBX - Types of Connections
HipTel offers a variety of different types of high-speed connections and phone lines, depending on the needs of your company. In the process of determining a price quote for your company, we will evaluate your current system and determine the necessary equipment needed; including wiring, phones, high-speed connections, PBX, etc. Without a proper evaluation, we cannot determine what equipment your company will need. Every corporate phone and Internet system we install is custom designed for your company. Meaning equipment and connections may vary greatly between companies. HipTel will provide you with a competitive quote for business VoIP services.
T1 lines are generally used by medium and large sized businesses and colleges to supply high-speed Internet and phone systems to large groups of people. T1 lines operate by transferring information through a fiber optic cable; whether its voice or data. A single T1 line is capable of providing 24 digitized voice channels or used as a high-speed Internet connection -- capable of transferring data at 1.544 MB per second. When used for voice transfer, the T1 line plugs directly into the companies PBX. A digital PBX used for fiber optic cables provides more features and flexibility then an analog PBX. When using a T1 line for Internet access, the cable plugs directly into a router, where the signal is split, and distributed to hundreds computers. A single T1 can provide adequate Internet access for web browsing and minor downloads to hundreds of users at a single location.
T1 lines provide several advantages over SDSL, which is often thought of as an alternative, cheaper option to a T1 line. SDSL lines can only supply high-speed Internet connections if the facility is within fewer then 10,000 feet, equivalent to about 2 miles from the Central Office of the supplying company. On the other end of the spectrum, T1 lines are engineered to span miles from their service provider. As a result T1 lines can be brought to major metropolitan areas, or to rural locations. SDSL lines contain bridge taps, load coils and splices, all things that are removed by the local exchange carrier when using a T1 line. This enables a faster, clearer connection for both phone and Internet services.
Companies requiring high bandwidth, but do not need all the full capabilities available from a T1 line, can purchase a fractional T1
A T3 or more commonly referred to in the tech world as a DS-3 (digital signal), is a high-speed dedicated line similar to a T1. It provides higher bandwidth and more phone lines then a standard T1, allowing for 672 simultaneous phone lines or data channels. It is the equivalent of installing 28 T1 lines.
DS-3 lines are ideal for colleges, universities, schools, Internet Service Providers (ISP) and companies looking to resell bandwidth. DS-3 lines are capable of connecting several hundreds or even thousands of users to the Internet. It has transfer speeds of 43.232 megabytes per second. Using a DS-3 line will connect your organization, to the Internet backbone. DS-3 lines have enough bandwidth to transmit high quality full-motion real-time video and very large databases over a high traffic network.
A DS-3 line can be used to supply Internet to a single organization, or used as a fractional T3 line
and sold to several organizations; similar to purchasing a duplex apartment and renting out the second half.
An integrated line is an economically sound solution for institutions and business that require both Internet services and phone lines. Integrated systems can be implemented on both T1 and DS-3 lines, using VON PBX our commercial grade VoIP phone system.
Integrated systems provide many benefits to end users including cost savings. Using services provided by a single telecom company is easier and cheaper then dealing with multiple vendors and purchasing services a la carte style. All billing information will be placed on one easy to read invoice. Technical support for all telecommunication issues is simple, easy and fast when dealing with one company; as opposed to dealing with separate companies for each issue.
Having an integrated system will allow for more control over bandwidth and number of phone lines. With a minimum of 12 phone lines per T1 line, the rest of the fiber optic cable can be dedicated for bandwidth. When phone lines are not in use, the amount of bandwidth allocated for a particular organization will dynamically increase.
It is important not to confuse an integrated system with a fractional system. Integrated systems work to combine all telecom needs into one unique service. In a fractional system only part of the available connection is purchased, resulting in less bandwidth. Fractional lines are only capable of carrying a fraction of the data and therefore are provided at a fraction of the cost of purchasing a full T1 line. The remaining bandwidth and phone lines are left unused allowing for future potential growth in bandwidth and phone needs.
Fractional T1 connections are ideal for small businesses that do not need the full spectrum of a T1 or DS-3 line, however require high quality digital telecommunication services. Fractional lines work the same as a regular high speed connection, however purchasing companies only receive a fraction of available bandwidth and phone lines. Fractional services are billed at a lower rate then purchasing the full spectrum of a T1 loop. Speed of a fractional T1 reflects the amount of bandwidth purchased by your organization. Overhead bits and framing are still used in fractional lines, but the un-rented channels simply contain no data.
Using a fractional T1 connection affords businesses the opportunity to start using a low-density solution and upgrade as their telecommunication needs grow.
High speed transfer lines such as DS-3 lines can also be fractionated for companies in need of faster services then a T1; however, do not need the full capacity of a DS-3 line.
Many institutions opt for a "burstable" DS-3 line. Burstable lines are ideal for organizations wishing to have access to bandwidth on demand. Meaning they can purchase a fractional line, but during peak traffic hours their bandwidth will dynamically increase based on demand.
Burstable lines are not available for T1 services. Organizations interested in burstable lines must purchase a DS-3 line.
Fractional and burstable lines seem very similar, however they work quite differently. Using a fractional line means only the amount of bandwidth purchased and allocated is available. Even during high and low peak traffic hours the amount of bandwidth allocated remains the same. When not enough bandwidth is purchased, Internet traffic will slow down during peak usage hours.
Like a fractional line, a burstable line has a dedicated amount of bandwidth that is included as part of regular monthly billing. However, during peak traffic hours when more bandwidth is required, it is available for use. Bandwidth demanded over the specified amount is billed by megabytes of bandwidth used on a per minute usage basis.